Innovation Learning Geography with ArcGIS Online: The Impact to Skills Collaborative and Achievement Student School Upper Intermediate

  • Endah Asmororini State Senior High School 1 Mojo
  • Johanis Kinda Papua New Guinea University of Technology
  • Burcu Şen Kırklareli University
Keywords: ArcGIS Online, Collaborative Skills, Educational Technology, Geographic Education, Learning Outcomes


Purpose of the study: The aim of this research is to examine the influence of ArcGIS online learning media on collaborative skills and student learning outcomes at State Senior High School 1 Mojo, Kediri Regency.

Methodology: The research used a quasi-experimental method with a Post-test only control design. The tool used is ArcGIS online from ESRI. The research population was class 10 students at Mojo 1 High School, Kediri, academic year 2023/2024, with samples selected randomly for the experimental and control classes. Data was collected through observation of collaborative skills and post-test for learning outcomes. Observations were carried out with the help of three observers using a collaborative skills observation instrument based on a Likert scale. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS, including the ANOVA test for homogeneity, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for normality, and the T test to test significant differences between the experimental and control classes.

Main Findings: The use of ArcGIS online as a learning medium shows a significant increase in collaborative skills and student learning achievement compared to conventional learning media. Post-test and observation results show higher scores in the experimental class.

Novelty/Originality of this study: This research introduces the use of ArcGIS online as a geography learning medium, which has not been widely implemented in high schools. This study shows that the use of this technology can significantly improve students' collaborative skills and learning outcomes.


M. D. Abdulrahaman et al., “Multimedia tools in the teaching and learning processes: A systematic review,” Heliyon, vol. 6, no. 11, p. e05312, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05312.

Y. Suchyadi, N. Safitri, and O. Sunardi, “the Use of Multimedia As an Effort To Improve Elementary Teacher Education Study Program College Students’ Comprehension Ability and Creative Thinking Skills in Following Science Study Courses,” Jhss (Journal Humanit. Soc. Stud., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 201–205, 2020, doi: 10.33751/jhss.v4i2.2549.

D. Saripudin, W. I. Fauzi, and E. Nugraha, “The development of interactive E-book of local history for senior high school in improving local wisdom and digital literacy,” Eur. J. Educ. Res., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 17–31, 2022, doi: 10.12973/eu-jer.11.1.17.

S. Iqbal and Z. A. Bhatti, “A qualitative exploration of teachers’ perspective on smartphones usage in higher education in developing countries,” Int. J. Educ. Technol. High. Educ., vol. 17, no. 1, 2020, doi: 10.1186/s41239-020-00203-4.

Erum Gul, “Uses of Electronic Media in College Classes: a Survey of Mandi Baha-Ud-Din and Bhalwal Colleges,” Pakistan J. Educ. Res., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 122–136, 2021, doi: 10.52337/pjer.v4i3.261.

E. A. Adekanye, “The use of electronic media by students of Yaba College of Technology, Lagos State, Nigeria: A qualitative study,” J. Libr. Serv. Technol., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 1–16, 2023, doi: 10.47524/jlst.v5i3.2.

A. Haleem, M. Javaid, M. A. Qadri, and R. Suman, “Understanding the role of digital technologies in education: A review,” Sustain. Oper. Comput., vol. 3, no. May, pp. 275–285, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.susoc.2022.05.004.

M. Sailer, F. Schultz-Pernice, and F. Fischer, “Contextual facilitators for learning activities involving technology in higher education: The C♭-model,” Comput. Human Behav., vol. 121, no. October 2020, p. 106794, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2021.106794.

S. Criollo-C, A. Guerrero-Arias, Á. Jaramillo-Alcázar, and S. Luján-Mora, “Mobile learning technologies for education: Benefits and pending issues,” Appl. Sci., vol. 11, no. 9, 2021, doi: 10.3390/app11094111.

R. B. Schultz and M. N. DeMers, “Transitioning from Emergency Remote Learning to Deep Online Learning Experiences in Geography Education,” J. Geog., vol. 119, no. 5, pp. 142–146, 2020, doi: 10.1080/00221341.2020.1813791.

J. S. Barrot, I. I. Llenares, and L. S. del Rosario, “Students’ online learning challenges during the pandemic and how they cope with them: The case of the Philippines,” Educ. Inf. Technol., vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 7321–7338, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s10639-021-10589-x.

J. Peng et al., “Linking spatial differentiation with sustainability management: Academic contributions and research directions of physical geography in China,” Prog. Phys. Geogr., vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 14–30, 2020, doi: 10.1177/0309133319878107.

L. Suwala, “Concepts of space, refiguration of spaces, and comparative research: Perspectives from economic geography and regional economics,” Forum Qual. Sozialforsch., vol. 22, no. 3, 2021, doi: 10.17169/fqs-22.3.3789.

T. Pei et al., “GIScience and remote sensing in natural resource and environmental research: Status quo and future perspectives,” Geogr. Sustain., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 207–215, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.geosus.2021.08.004.

J. Im, “Earth observations and geographic information science for sustainable development goals,” GIScience Remote Sens., vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 591–592, 2020, doi: 10.1080/15481603.2020.1763041.

A. S. Muneer, K. N. Sayl, and A. H. Kamel, “Modeling of Runoff in the Arid Regions Using Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS),” Int. J. Des. Nat. Ecodynamics, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 691–700, 2020, doi: 10.18280/ijdne.150511.

Ahmed Kareem Jebur, “Uses and Applications of Geographic Information Systems,” Saudi J. Civ. Eng., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 18–25, 2021, doi: 10.36348/sjce.2021.v05i02.001.

W. Y. Silviariza, Sumarmi, and B. Handoyo, “Using of Spatial Problem Based Learning (SPBL) model in geography education for developing critical thinking skills,” J. Educ. Gift. Young Sci., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 1045–1060, 2020, doi: 10.17478/JEGYS.737219.

N. Hamid, G. Roehrig, D. L. Setyowati, H. Rachmah, M. A. Royyani, and H. Mahat, “Development Model for Environment-Based Learning to Improve Junior High School Students’ Geographical Skills,” Rev. Int. Geogr. Educ. Online, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 461–481, 2021, doi: 10.33403/rigeo.833857.

L. Pangrazio, A. L. Godhe, and A. G. L. Ledesma, “What is digital literacy? A comparative review of publications across three language contexts,” E-Learning Digit. Media, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 442–459, 2020, doi: 10.1177/2042753020946291.

P. Kwangmuang, S. Jarutkamolpong, W. Sangboonraung, and S. Daungtod, “The development of learning innovation to enhance higher order thinking skills for students in Thailand junior high schools,” Heliyon, vol. 7, no. 6, p. e07309, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07309.

M. M. Asad, N. Hussain, M. Wadho, Z. H. Khand, and P. P. Churi, “Integration of e-learning technologies for interactive teaching and learning process: an empirical study on higher education institutes of Pakistan,” J. Appl. Res. High. Educ., vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 649–663, 2020, doi: 10.1108/JARHE-04-2020-0103.

G. Engin, “An Examination of Primary School Students’ Academic Achievements and Motivation In Terms of Parents’ Attitudes, Teacher Motivation, Teacher Self-efficacy and Leadership Approach,” Int. J. Progress. Educ., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 257–276, 2020, doi: 10.29329/ijpe.2020.228.18.

A. Syawaluddin, S. Afriani Rachman, and Khaerunnisa, “Developing Snake Ladder Game Learning Media to Increase Students’ Interest and Learning Outcomes on Social Studies in Elementary School,” Simul. Gaming, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 432–442, 2020, doi: 10.1177/1046878120921902.

S. Ramdiah, A. Abidinsyah, M. Royani, H. Husamah, and A. Fauzi, “South Kalimantan local wisdom-based biology learning model,” Eur. J. Educ. Res., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 639–653, 2020, doi: 10.12973/eu-jer.9.2.639.

W. Y. Rejeki and M. Mukminan, “Development of Multimedia Learning Geography Based on Adobe Flash to Increase Students’ Curiosity,” Geosfera Indones., vol. 5, no. 3, p. 318, 2020, doi: 10.19184/geosi.v5i3.14765.

E. S. Mokhtar, N. A. Rosley, S. Z. Ahmad, J. Aurani, and N. Mohamed Saraf, “Multimedia Approach (Geo-Sirah) Development on Sirah Learning with Geography Elements: Primary School Students,” Int. J. Acad. Res. Progress. Educ. Dev., vol. 12, no. 1, 2023, doi: 10.6007/ijarped/v12-i1/16129.

R. Darmayanti, R. Sugianto, B. Baiduri, C. Choirudin, and W. Wawan, “Digital comic learning media based on character values on students’ critical thinking in solving mathematical problems in terms of learning styles,” Al-Jabar J. Pendidik. Mat., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 49–66, 2022, doi: 10.24042/ajpm.v13i1.11680.

R. Rahmatika, M. Yusuf, and L. Agung, “The Effectiveness of Youtube as an Online Learning Media,” J. Educ. Technol., vol. 5, no. 1, p. 152, 2021, doi: 10.23887/jet.v5i1.33628.

I. Endrayani, A. Efendi, and S. Yamtinah, “Identification of the Need for PhET Simulation-based Interactive Media for Learning in Vocational High Schools,” J. Educ. Res. Eval., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 667–677, 2022, doi: 10.23887/jere.v6i4.53040.

R. Roemintoyo and M. K. Budiarto, “Flipbook as Innovation of Digital Learning Media: Preparing Education for Facing and Facilitating 21st Century Learning,” J. Educ. Technol., vol. 5, no. 1, p. 8, 2021, doi: 10.23887/jet.v5i1.32362.

G. Güneş, A. Arıkan, and T. Çetin, “Analysing the effect of authentic learning activities on achievement in social studies and attitudes towards geographic information system (GIS),” Particip. Educ. Res., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 247–264, 2020, doi: 10.17275/per.

E. Kurniawan, E. B, D. M, and S. S., “A Teaching based Technology in Geography Learning,” Cypriot J. Educ., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 61–74, 2011, doi: 10.18844/cjes.v.

Toheri, W. Winarso, and A. A. Haqq, “Where exactly for enhance critical and creative thinking: The use of problem posing or contextual learning,” Eur. J. Educ. Res., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 877–887, 2020, doi: 10.12973/eu-jer.9.2.877.

E. Haryani, W. W. Cobern, B. A. S. Pleasants, and M. K. Fetters, “Analysis of teachers’ resources for integrating the skills of creativity and innovation, critical thinking and problem solving, collaboration, and communication in science classroom,” J. Pendidik. IPA Indones., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 92–102, 2021, doi: 10.15294/jpii.v10i1.27084.

H. H. Wang, Z. R. Hong, H. C. She, T. J. Smith, J. Fielding, and H. Lin, “The role of structured inquiry , open inquiry , and epistemological beliefs in developing secondary students ’ scientific and mathematical literacies,” Int. J. STEM Educ., 2022, doi: 10.1186/s40594-022-00329-z.

Ü. Ormancı, “Investigating the effects of web-based science material for guided inquiry approach on information and communication skills of students,” Particip. Educ. Res., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 201–219, 2020, doi: 10.17275/per.

R. Al Fauzi, E. O. Dewi, A. Rizara, and R. Ridwana, “Perbandingan ARCGIS dengan Google My Maps Ssitem Iinformasi Geografis,” J. Pendiikan Geogr. Undiksha, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 186–196, 2022, doi: 10.23887/jjpg.v10i2.46378.

R. R. Velamala and P. K. Pant, “SFMToolbox : an ArcGIS python toolbox for automatic production of maps of soil fertility,” GEOMATICS Environ. Eng., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 105–145, 2023, doi: 10.7494/geom.2023.17.2.105.

K. Oubennaceur, K. Chokmani, A. El Alem, and Y. Gauthier, “Flood risk communication using ArcGIS storymaps,” Hydrol. Artic., vol. 8, no. 152, 2021, doi: 10.3390/ hydrology8040152.

I. Lindsay and N. N. Kong, “Using the ArcGIS collector mobile app for settlement survey data collection in Armenia,” Adv. Archaeol. Pract., vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 322–336, 2020, doi: 10.1017/aap.2020.26.

M. M. Nowak and K. Dzi, “Mobile GIS applications for environmental fi eld surveys : A state of the art,” Glob. Ecol. Conserv. J., vol. 23, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01089.

S. Phantuwongraj, P. Chenrai, and T. Assawincharoenkij, “Pilot study using ArcGIS online to enhance students ’ learning experience in fieldwork,” geosciences, vol. 11, no. 357, 2021, doi: 10.3390/geosciences11090357.

J. Forsell, K. Forslund Frykedal, and E. Hammar Chiriac, “Group work assessment: assessing social skills at group level,” Small Gr. Res., vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 87–124, 2020, doi: 10.1177/1046496419878269.

I. Supena, A. Darmuki, and A. Hariyadi, “The influence of 4C (constructive, critical, creativity, collaborative) learning model on students’ learning outcomes,” Int. J. Instr., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 873–892, 2021, doi: 10.29333/iji.2021.14351a.

C. M. Amerstorfer and C. Freiin von Münster-Kistner, “Student perceptions of academic engagement and student-teacher relationships in problem-based learning,” Front. Psychol., vol. 12, no. October, pp. 1–18, 2021, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.713057.

M. A. Qureshi, A. Khaskheli, J. A. Qureshi, S. A. Raza, and S. Q. Yousufi, “Factors affecting students’ learning performance through collaborative learning and engagement,” Interact. Learn. Environ., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 2371–2391, 2023, doi: 10.1080/10494820.2021.1884886.

Y. P. Wang and T. J. Wu, “Effects of online cooperative learning on students’ problem-solving ability and learning satisfaction,” Front. Psychol., vol. 13, no. June, 2022, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.817968.

R. S. Costa, M. M. Medrano, P. L. Ostáriz, and A. J. Moreno-Guerrero, “How to teach pre-service teachers to make a didactic program? The collaborative learning associated with mobile devices,” Sustain., vol. 12, no. 9, 2020, doi: 10.3390/su12093755.

H. M. Asim, A. Vaz, A. Ahmed, and S. Sadiq, “A review on outcome based education and factors that impact student learning outcomes in tertiary education system,” Int. Educ. Stud., vol. 14, no. 2, p. 1, 2021, doi: 10.5539/ies.v14n2p1.

J. A. Ekpenyong, V. J. Owan, U. F. Mbon, and S. B. Undie, “Family and community inputs as predictors of students’ overall, cognitive, affective and psychomotor learning outcomes in secondary schools,” J. Pedagog. Res., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 103–127, 2023, doi: 10.33902/JPR.202319099.

Z. Yu, L. Yu, Q. Xu, W. Xu, and P. Wu, “Effects of mobile learning technologies and social media tools on student engagement and learning outcomes of English learning,” Technol. Pedagog. Educ., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 381–398, 2022, doi: 10.1080/1475939X.2022.2045215.

S. C. Aurellia, B. Tampubolon, and P. T. Anasi, “A comparative study of student learning outcomes in geography learning using ArcGIS application and QGIS application,” J. Innov. Educ. Cult. Res., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 229–237, 2023, doi: 10.46843/jiecr.v4i2.600.

E. Suharini, M. H. Ariyadi, and E. Kurniawan, “Google earth pro as a learning media for mitigation and adaptation of landslide disaster,” Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol., vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 820–825, 2020, doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2020.10.11.1464.

S. S. Bikar, B. Rathakrishnan, Z. Rabe, H. Mahat, S. Sharif, and R. Talin, “The impact of geography information system integrated teaching on underachieving students’ intrinsic motivation,” Int. Res. Geogr. Environ. Educ., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 304–319, 2022, doi: 10.1080/10382046.2021.2001983.

L. Greenstein, Assessing 21st century skills: A guide to evaluating mastery and authentic learning. Corwin Press, 2012.

A. A. Fadly, P. Purwanto, H. Masruroh, and S. Sumarmi, “Pengaruh penggunaan webGIS (Web Based Geographic Information System) terhadap hasil belajar geografi dan keterampilan geografi secara berkelanjutan,” J. Integr. dan Harmon. Inov. Ilmu-Ilmu Sos., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 128–142, 2022, doi: 10.17977/um063v2i2p128-142.

M. Ulhusna, S. Diana Putri, and Zakirman, “Permainan ludo untuk meningkatkan keterampilan kolaborasi siswa dalam pembelajaran matematika,” Int. J. Elem. Educ., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 130–137, 2020, doi:

S. Ridha, E. Putri, P. A. Kamil, S. Utaya, S. Bachri, and B. Handoyo, “The importance of designing GIS learning material based on spatial thinking,” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 485, no. 1, 2020, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/485/1/012027.

P. Purwanto, F. A. Dwiyanto, and W. Uriu, “Development of MOOC content with STEM approach and its influence on students’ geographical literacy,” J. Pendidik. Geogr. Kajian, Teor. dan Prakt. dalam Bid. Pendidik. dan Ilmu Geogr., vol. 29, no. 1, p. 60, 2024, doi: 10.17977/um017v29i12024p60-77.

C. Ahmed, A. Mohammed, and A. Saboonchi, “ArcGIS mapping, characterisations and modelling the physical and mechanical properties of the Sulaimani City soils, Kurdistan Region, Iraq,” Geomech. Geoengin., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 384–397, 2022, doi: 10.1080/17486025.2020.1755464.

Y. M. Park and Y. M. Park, “A GPS-enabled portable air pollution sensor and web-mapping technologies for field-based learning in health geography geography,” J. Geogr. High. Educ., vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 241–261, 2022, doi: 10.1080/03098265.2021.1900083.

T. Day, I. C. C. Chang, C. K. L. Chung, W. E. Doolittle, J. Housel, and P. N. McDaniel, “The Immediate Impact of COVID-19 on Postsecondary Teaching and Learning,” Prof. Geogr., vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2021, doi: 10.1080/00330124.2020.1823864.

How to Cite
Asmororini, E., Kinda, J., & Şen, B. (2024). Innovation Learning Geography with ArcGIS Online: The Impact to Skills Collaborative and Achievement Student School Upper Intermediate. Journal of Educational Technology and Learning Creativity, 2(1), 1-12.