Learning Pancasila Values in Citizenship Education Subjects in Junior High School

  • Yakobus Wisnu Utaya Pangudi Luhur Moyudan Middle School
  • Khofiyati Khofiyati Pangudi Luhur Moyudan Middle School
  • Lois M Warner American University
  • Kelly Hallam University of Nottingham
Keywords: Citizenship education, Junior high school, Pancasila


Purpose of the study: Identify the learning of Pancasila values in Civics subjects in junior high schools, and identify problems with learning Pancasila values in Civics subjects and efforts to solve them in junior high schools.

Methodology: This type of research is descriptive with a qualitative approach. The subjects of this research were school principals, citizenship education teachers, and students. Data collection techniques in this research used interviews, classroom observations, and documentation. The data validity checking technique uses triangulation with data sources from interviews, class observations, and documentation. Data analysis uses qualitative analysis.

Main Findings: The discovery in this research is that learning Pancasila values in Citizenship Education subjects at junior high school uses various models that vary in each lesson, such as the model of teaching values in direct teaching, student involvement, and critical pedagogy. The obstacles faced in learning Pancasila values in civics subjects at junior high schools are environmental factors, limited learning time, limitations of learning media, and the classroom climate, which is not conducive when learning takes place. Third, the efforts made to overcome obstacles to learning Pancasila values are that teachers try to approach students, provide an example to all school members, and utilize time as optimally as possible to achieve learning objectives.

Novelty/Originality of this study: The efforts made by teachers to deal with the obstacles they face, teachers try to approach students and provide an example to all school members. Utilize time as optimally as possible so that learning objectives are achieved.


W. Narmoatmojo, “Implementasi Pancasila melalui Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan (Civic Education), Program Studi Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan, UNS,” UNS: Program Studi Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan, 2010.

Astalini, D. Darmaji, Dwi Agus Kurniawan, H. Jaya, and Sri Muslimatul Husna, “Analysis of Teacher Responses to the Use of Web-based Assessment to Assess Students’ Attitudes towards Science Subjects”, In. Sci. Ed. J, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 66-71, 2022, doi: 10.37251/isej.v3i3.282

A. Astalini, D. Darmaji, D. A. Kurniawan, N. Septiani, and M. Z. Azzahra, “Revitalizing Science Education: Teachers’ Response to Embedding Adat Bersendi Syara’ and Syara’ Bersendi Kitabullah Values into the Learning Process”, In. Sci. Ed. J, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 117-122, 2023, doi: 10.37251/isej.v4i3.735

E. C. Nwune, N. K. Oguezue, and B. I. Odum, “Secondary School Students’ Perception of Science Laboratory Accident Status and Preventive Measures in Awka Education Zone”, In. Sci. Ed. J, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 104-110, 2023, doi: 10.37251/isej.v4i3.550

S. Samsuri, “Civic Virtues dalam Pendidikan Moral dan Kewarganegaraan di Indonesia Era Orde Baru,” J. Civ., vol. 1, no. 2, 2004.

L. Nahar, “The Effects of Standardized Tests on Incorporating 21st Century Skills in Science Classrooms”, In. Sci. Ed. J, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 36-42, 2023, doi: 10.37251/isej.v4i2.324

H. Harizon, “Description of Teacher Responses to the Implementation of Student Process Skills Portfolio Assessment”, In. Sci. Ed. J, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 128-134, 2023, doi: 10.37251/isej.v4i3.731

S. Samsuri, “Objektivikasi Pancasila sebagai Modal Sosial Warga Negara Demokratis dalam Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan,” J. Acta Civ., vol. 2, no. 2, 2009.

A. Astalini, D. Darmaji, D. A. Kurniawan, R. I. Widodo, and S. Rohana, “Junior High School Teacher’s Forum Group Discussion Response on Application of Adat Bersendi Syara’ Syara’ Bersendi Kitabullah in Learning”, Jor. Eva. Edu, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 102-107, 2022, doi: 10.37251/jee.v3i4.283

A. Ramadhanti, “Literature Study: Application of Positive Psychology to the Field of Education in Indonesia”, Jor. Eva. Edu, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 62-67, 2023, doi: 10.37251/jee.v4i2.309

M. Maria, S. Silalahi, Y. Aggarwal, and U. Galadima, “Implementation of Science Student Work Sheet Based on Multiple Intelligence Materials Temperature and Their Changes”, Jor. Eva. Edu, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 104-109, 2023, doi: 10.37251/jee.v4i3.698

Mahirullah, Sri Muslimatul Husna, and Farida Adriani, “Analysis of the Application and Correlation of the Murder Type Collaborative Learning Model on Student Learning Outcomes at Senior High School Jambi”, Jor. Eva. Edu, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 21-30, 2023, doi: 10.37251/jee.v4i1.293

S. Samsuri, Model pembelajaran Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan untuk membangun kompetensi warga negara. Bahan kajian Kuliah Umum di Program Studi Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan (PPKn) FKIP 2011. Yogyakarta: Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, 2011.

M. Estellés and G. E. Fischman, “Who needs global citizenship education? A review of the literature on teacher education,” Journal of Teacher Education, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 223-236, 2021.

A. Pais and M. Costa, “An ideology critique of global citizenship education. Critical Studies in Education, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 1-16, 2020.

W. Veugelers, “How globalisation influences perspectives on citizenship education: from the social and political to the cultural and moral,” Compare: a journal of comparative and international education, vol. 51, no. 8, pp. 1174-1189, 2021.

J. V. Ramírez., C. C. Robles., L. P. Macías., and D. M. Vega, “A Sport Education teaching unit as a citizenship education strategy in physical education: A group-randomized controlled trial,” Retos: nuevas tendencias en educación física, deporte y recreación, (38), 44-52, 2020.

E. Bosio, “Global citizenship education as a reflexive dialogic pedagogy,” Citizenship Teaching & Learning, vol. 18, no. 2, 2023.

K. Marej, “Creating impact in citizenship education by transformative research: Indications for professionalisation,” JSSE-Journal of Social Science Education, vol.19, no. 2, 2020.

L. J. Moloeng, Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosda Karya, 2007.

S. Sugiyono, Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: CV ALFABETA, 2010.

A. Astalini., D. Darmaji., D. A. Kurniawan., W. Sukarni., and R. Hoyi, “Assessing Students' Attitudes towards Physics through the Application of Inquiry and Jigsaw Cooperative Learning Models in High Schools,” International Journal of Instruction, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 439-450, 2021.

I. N. S. Degeng., S. Utaya., and D. Kuswandi, “The influence of types of collaborative learning models jigsaw vs discovery learning model and learning discipline on learning results,” Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 166-178, 2022.

M. Usman., I. N. S. Degeng., S. Utaya., and D. Kuswandi, “The influence of jigsaw learning model and discovery learning on learning discipline and learning outcomes,” Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 166-178, 2022.

A. A. Atallah., M. F. B. Hassen., A. B. Musa., M. R. Bougherira., and N. Frih, “The application of the Jigsaw cooperative learning technique in mapping concepts of nuclear radiation in diagnosis and therapy,” International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 151-174, 2021.

D. K. Azis., M. Saihu., A. R. G. Hsb., and A. Islamy, “Pancasila Educational Values in Indicators Religious Moderation in Indonesia,” FITRAH: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 229-244, 2021.

S. Emilia., M. Andini., and M. Asbari, “Pancasila as a paradigm of legal development in Indonesia,” Journal of Information Systems and Management (JISMA), vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 22-27, 2022.

M. Maisyaroh., S. Untari., T. Chusniyah., M. A. Adha., D. Prestiadi., and N. S. Ariyanti, “Strengthening character education planning based on Pancasila value in the international class program,” International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 149-156, 2023.

R. M. Saputri, “The influence of learning media as an efforts to improve understanding of pancasila values through online learning,” Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Pendidikan, vol. 15, no. 1, 2022.

M. Afandi., S. Yustiana., and N. P. Kesuma, “The development of pop-up book learning media in Pancasila materials based on local wisdom at elementary school,” ELEMENTARY: Islamic Teacher Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 57, 2021.

A. Harefa., J. E. Harefa., M. M. Zagoto., and O. Dakhi, “Management of learning based on pancasila values in early childhood,” Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 3124-3132, 2022.

U. A. Azis and M. Ahmad, “Analysis of the effect of online-based interactive digital learning media word wall on pancasila and citizenship education learning outcomes of elementary school students,” Jurnal Paedagogy, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 609-615, 2022.

How to Cite
Y. W. Utaya, K. Khofiyati, L. M. Warner, and K. Hallam, “Learning Pancasila Values in Citizenship Education Subjects in Junior High School”, Jor. Eva. Edu, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-9, Jan. 2024.